You already know that many languages targets .NET and conforms to the CIL specifications.
The following article lists many of languages that target the .NET and CIL:
Wikipedia also mentions many of them:
- “Hello, World!” in all languages!
- 10 Years of Wikipedia … Join our celebration in Cairo
- Wiki-OS; Open-Source Silverlight Operating System
- Working with SQL Server Logins
- Moving a Form without the Title Bar
- Removing Hidden System Shares
- Hard Links vs. Soft Links
- Simulating CWinApp::OnIdle in C