Building Applications that Can Talk

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Overview

Stephen Hawking is one of the most famous people using speech synthesis to communicate

Stephen Hawking is one of the most famous people using speech synthesis to communicate

In this article we are going to explore the Speech API library that’s part of the TTS SDK that helps you reading text and speaking it. We’re going to see how to do it programmatically using C# and VB.NET and how to make use of LINQ to make it more interesting. The last part of this article talks about…… won’t tell you more, let’s see!

Introduction

The Speech API library that we are going to use today is represented by the file sapi.dll which’s located in %windir%\System32\Speech\Common. This library is not part of the .NET BCL and it’s not even a .NET library, so we’ll use Interoperability to communicate with it (don’t worry, using Visual Studio it’s just a matter of adding a reference to the application.)

Implementation

In this example, we are going to create a Console application that reads text from the user and speaks it. To complete this example, follow these steps:

As an example, we’ll create a simple application that reads user inputs and speaks it. Follow these steps:

  1. Create a new Console application.
  2. Add a reference to the Microsoft Speech Object Library (see figure 1.)

    Figure 1 - Adding Reference to SpeechLib Library

    Figure 1 - Adding Reference to SpeechLib Library

  3. Write the following code and run your application:
// C#
using SpeechLib;
static void Main()
{
    Console.WriteLine("Enter the text to read:");
    string txt = Console.ReadLine();
    Speak(txt);
}
static void Speak(string text)
{
    SpVoice voice = new SpVoiceClass();
    voice.Speak(text, SpeechVoiceSpeakFlags.SVSFDefault);
}
' VB.NET
Imports SpeechLib
Sub Main()
    Console.WriteLine("Enter the text to read:")
    Dim txt As String = Console.ReadLine()
    Speak(txt)
End Sub
Sub Speak(ByVal text As String)
    Dim voice As New SpVoiceClass()
    voice.Speak(text, SpeechVoiceSpeakFlags.SVSFDefault)
End Sub

If you are using Visual Studio 2010 and .NET 4.0 and the application failed to run because of Interop problems, try disabling Interop Type Embedding feature from the properties on the reference SpeechLib.dll.

Building Talking Strings

Next, we’ll make small modifications to the code above to provide an easy way to speak a given System.String. We’ll make use of the Extension Methods feature of LINQ to add the Speak() method created earlier to the System.String. Try the following code:

// C#
using SpeechLib;
static void Main()
{
    Console.WriteLine("Enter the text to read:");
    string txt = Console.ReadLine();
    txt.Speak();
}
static void Speak(this string text)
{
    SpVoice voice = new SpVoiceClass();
    voice.Speak(text, SpeechVoiceSpeakFlags.SVSFDefault);
}
' VB.NET
Imports SpeechLib
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices
Sub Main()
    Console.WriteLine("Enter the text to read:")
    Dim txt As String = Console.ReadLine()
    txt.Speak()
End Sub
<Extension()> _
Sub Speak(ByVal text As String)
    Dim voice As New SpVoiceClass()
    voice.Speak(text, SpeechVoiceSpeakFlags.SVSFDefault)
End Sub

I Love YOU ♥

Let’s make it more interesting. We are going to code a VBScript file that says “I Love YOU” when you call it. To complete this example, these steps:

  1. Open Notepad.
  2. Write the following code:
    CreateObject("SAPI.SpVoice").Speak "I love YOU!"

    Of course, CreateObject() is used to create a new instance of an object resides in a given library. SAPI is the name of the Speech API library stored in Windows Registry. SpVoice is the class name.

  3. Save the file as ‘love.vbs’ (you can use any name you like, just preserve the vbs extension.)
  4. Now open the file and listen, who is telling that he loves you!

Microsoft Speech API has many voices; two of them are Microsoft Sam (male), the default for Windows XP and Windows 2000, and Microsoft Ann (female), the default for Windows Vista and Windows 7. Read more about Microsoft TTS voices here.

Thanks to our friend, Mohamed Gafar, for providing the VBScript.

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